Vaginal candidiasis can be diagnosed using a cotton swab specimen, and patient symptoms can be treated with oral, rather than vaginal antifungal agents. More than half of circumcised women may experience medical complications, but there are few accurate assessments of the frequency and severity of complications. They commonly have other painful conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome. Clinicians should note that some circumcised women report having satisfying sexual relations: one study of infibulated Sudanese women found that the majority reported experiencing sexual desire, pleasure, and orgasm, despite a cultural norm to hide these experiences. Urologic and gynecologic health problems among Zimbabwean women: What is the role of poverty? She closed me with thorns.
Diagnosing diseases of the vulva - Clinical Advisor
Otherwise, judgmental attitudes may offend patients who probably had no say in the decision to alter their genitalia , inhibit further medical care, and impair the trust and rapport necessary to discuss health issues and the potential harms of continuing the practice. Growing up in Shona society from birth to marriage. Such infections generally occur later in life through sexual activity. July 17 th th Some aspects of any cultural practice are more easily revealed to an outsider under circumstances of confidentiality.